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2022-09-19
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Opening up, cooperation and innovation, the cornerstone of the rise of China's integrated circuit industry

a recent Sino US joint venture and cooperation project in the field of integrated circuit industry has triggered discussions in the industry on how to innovate and develop China's integrated circuit industry

some people believe that the introduction of foreign capital will have a huge impact on the domestic chip industry, and call on the government departments to take measures to protect the existing industrial achievements; Another part of the view is open-minded, that a single flower is not spring, in the development of China's chip industry should be complementary, complementary advantages, in fair competition to achieve the healthy development of the industry

how to treat the relationship between open cooperation and fair competition, introduction and digestion and independent innovation in the independent and controllable development process of China's integrated circuit industry has become a matter of concern

what items caused the discussion

according to the data, in May 2017, domestic enterprises such as Datang Telecom, Lianxin technology, Jianguang assets, Zhilu capital and Qualcomm announced the joint venture of Lingsheng technology to focus on the consumer market and improve the competitiveness and influence of products through effective integration of resources

in the joint venture project of this project, Datang Telecom Group is the national team in the field of China's mobile communication, which leads the td-lte4g international mobile communication standard, owns the TD-LTE core technology patent, and won the 2016 national special prize for scientific and technological progress with the key technology and application project of the fourth generation mobile communication system (TD-LTE) declared by three major units

Lianxin technology is a communication chip enterprise under Datang Telecom Group. Over the years, based on the understanding of the needs of Chinese customers, it has accumulated important R & D talents

CGA assets and Zhilu capital have actively distributed Chinese capital in the field of semiconductor industry for many years. The products of holding enterprises cover communication, automotive electronics, consumption, industry and other fields, and are one of the important forces to promote the development of domestic semiconductor industry

Qualcomm is the technology leader in the global mobile communication field and the world's top semiconductor chip manufacturer in the mobile Internet era

in this project, China holds 76% of the shares. It is such a market-oriented joint venture and cooperation project that has caused the above-mentioned discussion on the opening-up and cooperation, fair competition and independent innovation of the integrated circuit industry

the core technology gap is obvious, and it is still in the stage of learning and follow-up.

although the scale of China's electronic information industry has ranked first in the world for many years, it is mainly machine manufacturing, and there is still a large gap between the integrated circuit, semiconductor and other industries and European and American enterprises. Taking intelligent terminals as an example, China's intelligent terminal industry is facing long-term challenges in the field of core chips and key devices. At present, the domestic smart terminal key components industry as a whole is in the development stage of R & D follow-up, and the flagship machines and high-end models of mainstream manufacturers focus on international major manufacturers such as Qualcomm, micron, MTK, Samsung, SK Hynix, Sony, Xinsi, FPC in the upstream link, resulting in convergence of hardware configuration and serious homogeneous competition of the whole machine

for this reason, domestic semiconductor enterprises have caught up and achieved gratifying results in recent years. Grasping the development wave of 4G and further improving the technical level, Lianxin technology took the lead in launching 4gtd-lte intelligent terminal chips in China, and successfully achieved tens of millions of commercial applications; The Kirin 950/955 designed by Huawei Hisilicon based on TSMC 16nmfinfet process is applied in its own high-end models mate8 and P9, and can support ltecat12 and cat13ul network standards; In February 2017, Spreadtrum launched the first 14nm8 core 64 bit medium and high-end intelligent chip platform sc9861 with Intel Architecture

nevertheless, there is still a big gap between China's terminal chip enterprises and international leading enterprises. At present, multi-mode and multi frequency, self-developed architecture and high process and high integration design in the field of terminal chips have become the common development direction of the industry in the world. Qualcomm is still the representative of the leading technology level. Its new generation mobile platform Xiaolong 835 adopts Samsung 10nmfinfet process. Based on Qualcomm's most efficient CPU architecture kryo280 so far, the maximum main frequency can reach 2.45GHz, and the modem integrated with x16lte can support up to Gigabit connections; Samsung followed suit, improving the high-end level of exynos8 chip through the combination of its own 14nmfinfet process and self-developed 64 bit architecture mongoose; MTK is mainly cost-effective, and the latest heliox30 platform is based on TSMC 10nm process

therefore, we need to clearly realize that at this stage, from core talents to basic technology, we are still in the stage of learning and following the social and environmental advantages of aqueous PU technology, which is quite important for PU synthetic leather

China led, joint venture and cooperation is an innovation road in line with national conditions

the integrated circuit industry is an international and global industry, and no single country can be closed to the outside world and form its own system. In the field of integrated circuit design, at present, the chip design of Chinese enterprises (including Spreadtrum and Lianxin) is mainly based on the core technologies of multinational enterprises (such as CPU authorization of arm and EDA tool technology authorization of candence company)

in the field of semiconductor manufacturing, the domestic wafer manufacturing technology lags behind the world leading level for two generations; The industrial structure of integrated circuits still needs to be optimized, and there is a lack of large-scale design and manufacturing integration (IDM) enterprises. Although the materials and equipment of China's semiconductor manufacturing industry have entered some large foundries, many of them have not been able to participate in the realization of cutting-edge manufacturing processes on a large scale. So far, they have not been completely separated from overseas materials and equipment, and they need to rely on others' foundation for technology

therefore, at this stage, when we talk about the two models of innovation in China's integrated circuit industry, it is not a problem of a certain technical node to judge that the battery will not develop on fire according to the standard after the completion of the experiment. Many breakthroughs are far from the ability of a single enterprise, and we can't talk about independent innovation without opening up and cooperation. Because we are afraid of competition and refuse outsiders, we also mainly teach the specific content of constant speed stretching method to test the tensile strength of paper and cooperate to innovate

compared with the situation that China's integrated circuit industry is frequently blocked from foreign mergers and acquisitions, the development path that is currently more in line with national conditions is to be open-minded, dominated by China, carry out joint ventures and cooperation with foreign capital, introduce the advanced technology of multinational companies for joint innovation, and develop technologies and products with Chinese characteristics in combination with market demand

for example, zhanrui (Spreadtrum and radico), a subsidiary of Tsinghua University, introduced the investment of Intel (Intel accounts for 20% of the shares), promoted the continuous cooperation between the two sides through technical exchange and technology sharing, and used Intel's x86 technology to develop chips. Using Qualcomm's industry-leading server chip technology, huaxintong, a joint venture established by Qualcomm and Guizhou Province, is committed to developing domestic server chips suitable for the Chinese market based on scientific research and material analysis on experimental machines requiring 0.5-level accuracy

through the capital and technical cooperation with Qualcomm, Lianxin technology will help to improve the chip design ability of domestic engineers, shorten the learning curve, speed up the training of China's chip design team, and drive the overall development of the upstream and downstream of the industrial chain

speaking of this, I can't help thinking of some arguments about Lingsheng technology and Spreadtrum in the previous stage. Can one or several enterprises represent the whole Chinese national industry? Intel invested in Spreadtrum first, then Lianxin joint venture with Qualcomm. Spreadtrum is a national enterprise before Lianxin joint venture is not a national enterprise after Lianxin joint venture? I think this truth is self-evident - because both Spreadtrum and Lingsheng technology are Chinese enterprises that are absolutely controlled by China and belong to Chinese national enterprises that embrace international cooperation

opening up the market, fair competition, and the birth of world-class enterprises

at the recent Shanghai Lujiazui Finance and economics forum, central bank governor zhouxiaochuan once said that opening up is the process of optimizing resource allocation, which brings optimal allocation through the market and competition mechanism. After competition, domestic enterprises have made great progress. The more open and competitive industries are, the faster progress will be made. The manufacturing industry began to become prosperous and powerful

indeed, with the reform and opening up in recent years, China's manufacturing industry has made great progress, especially the electronic information industry. After years of development, the electronic information industry has become the pillar industry, basic industry and leading industry of the national economy. In terms of product manufacturing, the electronic information industry has been deepening reform and opening up, and has fully integrated into the international economic cycle. At the same time, China's open and huge market position has also attracted many overseas investment institutions and international leading IT enterprises to invest and start businesses in China. It is precisely because of facing two markets and using two kinds of resources that China's electronic information industry has achieved leapfrog development and become an important part of the global electronic information industry. During the 12th Five Year Plan period, China's electronic information industry maintained an average annual growth rate of 14.82%. At the end of the 12th Five Year Plan period, the average annual output value reached 11.13 trillion. China's electronic information industry has made amazing progress

the open market and full competition have also cultivated and expanded domestic national enterprises, such as Huawei, ZTE, Datang and Fiberhome in the field of information and communication, oppo, vivo, Xiaomi and Lenovo in the field of intelligence, Haier, Hisense, Midea, Gree and other representative enterprises in the field of home appliances

as the largest consumer electronic product in the world, intelligence has a certain representation in the electronic information industry. Its development in China has really experienced a development process from scratch and from small to large. In 2016, China's intelligent production reached 1.5 billion units, an increase of 9.9%, and exports reached 115.6 billion US dollars. Among them, Huawei, oppo, vivo and Xiaomi ranked among the top in domestic market shipments, accounting for a total market share of more than 50%

if tablet computers and wearable devices are included, as of December 2016, the scale of mobile intelligent terminals in China has reached 1.37 billion, about one per capita, of which domestic brands account for 62.4%

benefiting from the development and expansion of the field of intelligent terminal manufacturing, the rapid popularization of intelligence has expedited the popularization of mobile Internet applications and services, promoted China's entry into the era of mobile Internet, and laid a solid foundation for China's introduction of the national strategy of Internet + and mass entrepreneurship and innovation

exchange the attitude of openness and cooperation for acceleration

graft the world's leading technology to achieve the rapid development of national industry, which has many successful experiences in China. For example, the high-speed rail industry and the nuclear power industry gradually realize the development of technology self-development by introducing international advanced technology through joint ventures and cooperation with international manufacturers at the initial stage

at present, the global ICT field is in the game before a new round of industrial upgrading and the opening of IOT. In this process, domestic enterprises are reinventing themselves through the introduction, digestion, absorption, re innovation and integrated innovation, so as to accumulate strength for the overall innovation and independent and controllable development of the industry

the length of scenery should be measured. Never give up

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